Children and Young People' Workforce L2

TDA 2.9 Promoting positive behaviour

This unit is about creating a positive environment for children and young people, which can be achieved by encouraging positive behaviour and discouraging negative behaviour or using rewards to encourage good behaviour and use sanctions to discourage unacceptable behaviour.

Table 1 shows how rewards can be used to promote positive behaviour in children and conversely Table 2 shows how sanctions can be used to discourage negative behaviour.

Table 1

Rewards Positive behaviour Can you give other examples
Stickers Helping to tidy up
Learning to count

Learning the alphabet


Medals Sport achievements

Doing charity work


Golden Time Good behaviour, playing cooperatively Obeying school rules


Verbal praises:

Well done
Thank you
Tidying up

Eating all the food on the plate

Making something with play dough

Playing cooperatively


Give other examples of rewards



Table 2

Sanctions Behaviour Give other examples
Time out Showing aggression Using bad language


Take away favourite toy or miss playtime Snatching toys
Refusing to tidy up


Detention Not handing in homework
Arriving late in class


Give other examples of sanctions



Practitioners and carers are role models for the young children, so it is important they set good examples in order to promote positive behaviour.


  • Being polite: saying thank you, please and sorry

  • Treating every one fairly

  • Listening and showing respect to children and adults

  • Being consistent in their behaviour

Policies and procedures of the setting for promoting children's and young people's positive behaviour:

  • Code of conduct

  • Staff code of conduct

  • Anti-bullying

  • Dealing with conflict and inappropriate behaviour

Find out what the behavioural policies are in your work setting

Click here for TDA 2.9 in pdf format


DFE (2014) Development Matters in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

DFE (2014). Statutory framework for the early years foundation stage

DEF(2014). Early years (under 5s) foundation stage framework (EYFS)

DFE (2014) Keeping children safe in Out of hours provisions

DFE(2014) Early Years Outcomes

Parents - guide to EYFS (2014)

What to expect and when (2014)

The British Association for Early Childhood Education
(Supported by DFE)

Every Child Matters 2003)

Effective Pre-school and Primary Education 3-11 Project (2003-2008)

DFE (2008) Effective Pre-School and Primary Education 3-11 Project (EPPE 3-11)

Parliament (2003) Every Child Matters

Tassoni et al (2010) Level 3 Diploma Children and Young People's
Workforce (Early Learning and Childcare). Pearson: Harlow Essex

Caroline Meggit et al (2011) CACHE Level 3 Children and Young People's
Workforce Diploma: Early Learning and Child Care.
Hodder Education: London